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For plastic surgeons: Learning 'danger zones' ensures better results

Health News - Sat, 04/29/2017 - 06:01

Washington D.C. [USA], April 29 : A team of researchers has suggested that plastic surgeons should pay particular attention to the six danger zones from the forehead to the chin - areas commonly addressed by facial filler injection - to enhance safety and effectiveness of treatment.

Dermal fillers have become a popular alternative to surgery for patients who want a younger facial appearance as the injection of soft tissue dermal fillers can reduce facial lines, wrinkles and restore a fuller, younger-looking facial appearance.

The study explained techniques to minimise risk and maximise safety when using dermal fillers in specific areas of the face.

"Given current trends, it becomes even more important that plastic surgeons, dermatologists, oculoplastic surgeons and facial plastic surgeons learn safe, predictable techniques to achieve optimal results with facial filler injections," said Rod J. Rohrich, MD from the Dallas Plastic Surgery Institute in the US.

Stating that the practitioners should be able to recognise complications, Dr. Rohrich said, "They should pay particular attention to the six danger zones from the forehead to the chin, areas commonly addressed by facial filler injection."

Providing immediate results with a short recovery time, dermal filler injection has become the second-most popular nonsurgical cosmetic procedure.

When performed by a board certified or experienced practitioner then facial filler injection is a safe procedure.

Dr. Rohrich outlined his approach to specific principles for safe filler injection, including the use of hyaluronic acid fillers when possible.

The major advantage of these products is that their effects can be rapidly reversed by rescue injection with the enzyme hyaluronidase.

Other principles for safe filler injection include the use of continuous motion and gentle injection techniques.

He explains the steps to protect the underlying blood vessels, while discussing the filler products and injection techniques to achieving the best results in each area.

The study appeared in journal of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. (ANI)

Region: WashingtonGeneral: Health

Sun exposure, excessive heat can damage hair

Health News - Fri, 04/28/2017 - 07:07

New Delhi [India], April 28 : The scorching sun, excessive perspiration, dust and dirt make our hair vulnerable in summers.

The heat of the sun, the UV radiation can damage the hair. It can also cause discoloration, which will be clearly evident in colored or bleached hair. The dry and hot winds take away all the moisture from our skin, scalp and hair and make them look lifeless and burnt.

Excessive sweating too does no good to the hair, making them a sticking point for all the dust and pollution that is in the air. Hence, we need to follow extra care to keep our hair clean, scalp infection free and protected during summers.

Here are some tips by Dr Sapna V Roshni, plastic and reconstructive surgeon at Cocoona Centre for Aesthetic Transformation, to prevent hair damage during summers:

- Wash them frequently: This might look like the most basic thing to do; yet many people do not understand its importance. The humidity, heat, dust and the resultant sweating means your hair and scalp is vulnerable to bacterial and fungal infections, especially if you spend a lot of time outdoors. It is recommended to use an ideal shampoo to wash or clean the hair as required. However, excessive use of shampoo can deplete moisture from your scalp; therefore pick a moisturizing shampoo that will keep your hair hydrated even as it cleanses it.

- Oil them: Oil your hair regularly with warm oil because frequent shampooing can deplete all moisture from your scalp. At the same time, do not be excessive in oil application as then the hair will need greater quantity of shampoo to wash it off, and this twin excess can be traumatic to the hair. Use oil in moderate quantity on every application.

- Cover from the Sun: Even a few minutes of direct exposure to the sun can cause damage to the hair. Much like the skin, the sun's harmful UV radiation are also dangerous to the hair. When you step out, wear a head gear - a hat or a scarf -- that covers your hair. Also, start using hair care products like conditioners with sunscreen; they will give your hair a protective covering.

- Limit Use of blow driers and hot irons: Blow drying throws a lot of heat on hair and it damages the hair follicles in the process. So keep the heat low and better apply a softening mousse on the hair. Blow drying can also cause the pores of the scalp to open up and this can lead dirt and pollution to enter, weakening the roots.

- Be Careful While Swimming: It might be relieving to send time in the pool, but the hair might not like it. Wear a shower cap or else apply conditioner on your hair before stepping into the pool to protect your hair against pool chemicals like chlorine. Immediately wash up after you step out.

- Check the Fizz: Get your hair trimmed as the summer season begins so that there are no split hair ends and damaged hair. This ensures the hair is healthier to begin with. Using a moisturizing shampoo and conditioner is important to prevent extra dryness and the fizz that comes with it. (ANI)

Region: IndiaGeneral: Health

Affordable lab tests now at your doorstep

Health News - Fri, 04/28/2017 - 05:56

New Delhi [India], April 28 : Before going for any medical test, now compare the rates of different path-labs with just a click.

Thanks to KlinicApp!

KlinicApp, founded in Nov 2015, has become one of the fastest growing and trend setting e-diagnostic company, bringing affordable lab tests with standardized services at doorstep of patients.

It is solving the customers' problem of discovering pathological services through its in-company developed technology platform (App and website) and standardization of home services by well-trained phlebotomists from its certified lab network PAN India.

Operating as an online aggregator of organized and unorganized labs in India, it is the first company where patients/ consumers can compare blood test prices offered again through the tech platform.

The company's mission is to deliver on demand, high quality diagnostic/ pathology services at affordable pricing anytime anywhere in India.

KlinicApp technology platform, founded by Satkam Divya, has delivered services to more than 50,000 customers across 40 cities so far, conducting more than 1 mn blood tests, the annualized GBV (Gross Booking Value) is at INR 175 million. (ANI)

Region: IndiaGeneral: Health

Here's why milk is good for your child's growth

Health News - Thu, 04/27/2017 - 07:31

Washington D.C. [USA], Apr 27 : A recent study suggests dairy proteins may be an even higher quality source of protein compared to vegetable-based protein sources than previously thought.

Using pigs as models, researchers at the University of Illinois studied the best way of evaluating protein quality in foods eaten by children.

For this, they used the method that was proposed by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations in 2011.

"Plant proteins are the primary sources of amino acids in many parts of the world, whereas animal proteins are the primary sources in other parts of the world. However, the composition and digestibility of these types of proteins differ," says Dr. Hans H. Stein, professor of animal sciences at U of I and principal investigator of this research.

Researchers in Stein's lab conducted a study to calculate protein scores for eight sources of protein, derived from both plants and animals.

Protein scores compare the amount of digestible amino acids in a food with a "reference protein," a theoretical protein which contains fully digestible amino acids in the proportions required for human nutrition at a particular stage of life.

The score which has been used for more than 20 years is the protein digestibility-corrected amino acid score, or PDCAAS. PDCAAS is calculated using the total tract digestibility of crude protein. However, this method has certain shortcomings.

"The total tract digestibility fails to take into account nitrogen excretion in the hindgut," Stein says. "The PDCAAS also assumes that all amino acids in a foodstuff have the same digestibility as crude protein, but in reality, amino acid digestibilities differ."

These flaws led to the development of a new measure, called the digestible indispensable amino acid score (DIAAS). The DIAAS is calculated using ileal digestibility values, because all absorption of amino acids takes place in the small intestine. It also uses values calculated individually for each amino acid.

Stein and his team determined standardized ileal digestibility of crude protein and amino acids in eight sources of animal and plant protein: whey protein isolate, whey protein concentrate, milk protein concentrate, skimmed milk powder, pea protein concentrate, soy protein isolate, soy flour, and whole-grain wheat. They derived DIAAS scores from those ileal digestibility values. They also calculated PDCAAS-like scores by applying the total tract digestibility of crude protein in the ingredients to all amino acids.

All dairy proteins tested in the study met Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) standards as "excellent/high"-quality sources of protein for people six months of age or older, with DIAAS values of 100 or greater. Soy protein isolate and soy flour qualified as "good" sources of protein, with a score between 75 and 100. With scores below 75, pea protein concentrate and wheat did not qualify to make recommendations regarding protein quality.

"Compared with DIAAS, PDCAAS calculations tended to underestimate the protein value of high quality protein sources, and overestimate the value of lower quality sources," says Stein. "Thus, to better meet protein requirements of humans, especially for people consuming diets that are low or marginal in digestible amino acids, DIAAS values should be used to estimate protein quality of foods."

Stein acknowledged certain limitations in the study. "The protein sources used in this experiment were fed raw, and foods processed as they typically are for human consumption might well have different protein values." However, he says, it represents a step forward in determining protein quality.

Funding for the research was provided by National Dairy Council, the non-profit organization founded by America's dairy farmers and funded by the national dairy checkoff program. The organization had no input into the experimental design or analysis.

"The results of this pilot study indicate that dairy proteins may be an even higher quality source of protein compared to vegetable-based protein sources than previously thought," said Dr. Greg Miller, chief science officer at NDC. "While using DIAAS is a newer concept and more research will be needed, one thing rings true -- milk proteins are high quality and milk as a beverage has protein plus eight other essential nutrients, which is especially important when it comes to kids, because they need quality nutrition to help support their growth and development."

The paper, "Values for digestible indispensable amino acid scores (DIAAS) for some dairy and plant proteins may better describe protein quality than values calculated using the concept for protein digestibility-corrected amino acid scores (PDCAAS)" was published in the February 2017 issue of the British Journal of Nutrition. The co-authors were John Mathai and Yanhong Liu of the University of Illinois. (ANI)

Region: WashingtonGeneral: Health

Mothers drinking colas increase risk of obesity in kids

Health News - Thu, 04/27/2017 - 07:04

Washington D.C. [USA], Apr 27 : Pregnant or breastfeeding mothers should avoid taking diet high in fructose-containing sugars as it increases the risk of their kids being obese or diabetic.

This is according to a new rat study published in The Journal of Physiology.

Many cereals, sugary soft drinks and other processed foods have fructose-containing sugars, including sucrose and high fructose corn syrup (HFCS).

Excess consumption of these sugars is as a major contributor to obesity and type 2 diabetes. Few studies have shown the impact of a diet high in fructose-containing sugars on offspring during and after pregnancy.

This research shows that a maternal diet high in fructose-containing sugars during and after pregnancy can cause a fatty liver in offspring. This can negatively impact the metabolic health of the offspring, contributing to the development of obesity or type 2 diabetes in the future.

The researchers gave female rats water supplemented with fructose-containing sugars (sucrose or HFCS) at an amount equivalent to those in standard soft drinks, before, during and after pregnancy. After birth, offspring were weaned by a mother who had access to the same fructose-containing beverage, or by one who had access to water only.

Body weight, fat mass and glucose control in the offspring were measured and tissues were analysed to see the amount and type of fat in their livers. Offspring from mothers who had a diet high in fructose-containing sugars had a detrimental fat content and composition in their livers.

This was especially true for offspring who were weaned by mothers who drank the fructose-containing beverage. This shows that the timing of exposure to fructose sugars is important, highlighting implications for breastfeeding mothers.

Dr Sheridan Gentili, Senior Lecturer in Biological Sciences at the University of South Australia and lead investigator of the study says, 'This study highlights the importance of maternal nutrition during the lactation period. Guidelines for consuming added sugars or sugar-sweetened beverages during pregnancy should consider this.'

She added, 'As there are differences in physiology between humans and rodents, we need to be careful when translating this research directly to humans.' (ANI)

Region: WashingtonGeneral: Health

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