A study published online on the 10th of June in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute revealed that irrespective of how smokers are recruited to telephone quitlines, proactive telephone counseling enables smokers to quit.
Also, smokers are said to use telephone counseling quitlines, which may be as a response to ‘active recruitment methods’, like; physician referral, direct mail and phone calls, or the passive methods, such as posters or adverts on television.
In the study, Flora Tzelepis, Ph. D., of the University of Newcastle in New South Wales, Australia, and colleagues, examined 24 past studies of proactive telephone counseling, to know if the way the recruitment was done, influenced quit rates differently.
The researchers were reported to have “looked at both point prevalence abstinence-the number of smokers who had not smoked for at least a day or a week before the interview-and at prolonged or continuous abstinence over a period of months”.
However, they discovered that proactive counseling assisted an increased long-term smoking cessation despite the manner of recruitment of the smokers.
Moreover, the findings were reported to have boosted the support for proactive telephone counseling for smoking cessation, as some active-recruitment trials are available for the evaluation of the impact of the recruitment channel on prolonged and continuous abstinence, especially during midterm.
Melbourne researchers are reportedly very close towards developing a vaccine for type 1 diabetes by revealing a nasal spray, which can stop the body's immune system from attacking cells that produce insulin.
Professor Len Harrison of Walter and Eliza Hall Institute immunologist referred to the finding as ‘exciting’, as he said: “It provided the first proof the treatment worked in humans and the spray markedly suppressed the immune response to insulin in 52 new type 1 diabetes patients”.
Though the spray is not meant to be a treatment for people who already have diabetes, the results revealed that researchers were on the right path into developing a vaccine, as the nasal spray is being tested on young people with a family history of type 1 diabetes, who have antibodies for the disease.
Moreover, type 1 diabetes is reported to affect around 150,000 Australians, it has to do with the body's immune system attacking the cells in the pancreas that produce insulin.
People with the condition require daily insulin injections to enable their bodies convert glucose gotten from food into energy. However, the research is reported to present evidence that the vaccine could prevent the disease from developing in those that are at risk.
A recent research carried out by a team of dietitian from the University of Western Australia has claimed that lupin can reduce the risk of heart disease in humans.
A Researcher, Regina Belski from the University of Western Australia said that the tiny bean, lupin has high amount of protein and fiber and low quantities of carbohydrates in it. It is primarily used for putting nitrogen back in the soil in agriculture and the beans. About 85% of the world’s lupin crops are grown in Australian soil and is mainly used for cattle feed.
The team of researchers grounded the bean and made flour that was 40% lupin and baked bread, pasta and biscuits from the product. The researchers carried out the trails on 130 overweight people from Western Australians and divided them into two groups. On group was fed with fed them with lupin products for 12-months whereas the second group consumed whole meal goods.
After the completion of the study period, Dr. Belski said that the team reported a significant difference in risk of developing heart attack in the two groups. Participants who were fed with lupin based products had a lower risk of heart attack as compared to others.
A recent study has found that children who have depressed mothers are at risk of behavior issues such as overly aggressive, hyperactive, or withdrawn. However a child who spends just a few hours in a formal day care will reduce the toddler’s risk of behavior issues.
Mothers who go through mood changes are not capable of giving the certain level of attention a child needs. Research Group at the University of Adelaide states: “Mothers with depression may be less able to engage in social opportunities for their toddlers. So child care may also help fill a socialization role for the toddlers of depressed mothers.”
Day care provides some of the simulation and support an exhausted mom can’t give. Rates of depression for women peak during child-bearing years. Therefore the number of children exposed to maternal depression is high.
The study examined 438 mothers and children from pregnancy by the age of 5. Children were more likely to have behavior issues if their mother was depressed. However, those children who spend as little as four hours a week in formal day care at the age of 2, showed fewer behavior problems by age 5.
Day care provides kids with a place to feel loved-though not the same way as a parent, but someone who can help with emotion regulation.
Men are less likely to see a doctor than females which is quite an issue since men are expected to live five years shorter than women, have a higher risk of cancer, injury and obesity.
A new Australian study release today stated that 68% of men are overweight or obese and 48% have a mental health condition. Only 5% of men eat enough fruits and vegetables and 16% did not visit a doctor last year.
Men are reluctant to use health services and fear the doctors from embarrassment about discussing emotional or sexual health issues with a female doctor and discussing the reason for a doctor’s visit the waiting room.
They are also less likely to take part in a cancer screening program and just 49% of men have had their prostate checked.
The traditional view of masculinity gets in the way of men seeking help and discourages them to go see their doctor.
Males, who were born between 2007 and 2009, are expected to live about 24 years longer than their counterparts born between 1901 and 1910.
Men are being encouraged by health authorities to seek necessary medical attention and to make changes in their lifestyle that can have long term benefits.
Medication field is getting wider and wider and similarly the problems are getting bigger for seniors with Medicare prescription drug coverage as according to a recent research; the people are facing steep co pays for the newest kind of cancer drugs, which unlike older drugs is now available as pills and moreover do not have to be administered at a clinic.
A research was conducted on the change in the behavior of men with prostate cancer during their phase of treatment and care services after the treatment. Ulster Cancer Foundation (UCF) to mark International Men's Health Week made a study on men and their way of accepting the treatments including radiotherapy and hormone balance.
A recent research carried out by US researchers from the Yale University in New Haven, Conn., has discovered a new treatment to quit smoking without gaining weight. Researchers have claimed that nicotine-like drug cytosine can identify a brain pathway and can specifically activate nicotinic receptors in hypothalamus.
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