Saturn’s Gravity Found to Be the Reason behind the Deformation of Its Moon Enceladus
The latest images from the NASA's Cassini spacecraft have brought out the relation between the Saturn’s gravitational force and the spraying of jets of water vapors from fissures on Saturn's moon Enceladus. It is now being sought that with the stretching of Saturn's gravity the fissures are also stressed. The images are a part of the Lunar and Planetary Science Conference at The Woodlands, Texas.
According to Terry Hurford, a Cassini associate based at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, “These new revelations have given scientists insight into the mechanics of these picturesque jets at Enceladus and shows that Saturn really stresses Enceladus”. The pictures clearly tell how the gravitational force of Saturn is responsible for the deformation of the Saturn's moon Enceladus in the South Polar Region which is covered by fissures known as "tiger stripes.
Enceladus has always intrigued astronaut with it picturesque show of fissures that erupts water vapors and organic particles. It is unique in its own as no such phenomenon is depicted by any other planetary objects.
Until now there have been no evidences of the affect of Saturn’s pull on existence of these jets. The astronauts studied the jets emerging from the warmest regions within the tiger stripes Baghdad Sulcus and Damascus Sulcus which revealed these images. Right after Enceladus closed in on its orbit to Saturn there was a huge increase in the stress which pulled the tiger strips apart. It was also seen that the gravitational force could make the one of the strips move in a certain direction to the other side.
An instrument aboard the international Cassini spacecraft has now been activated which is making constant measurements regarding this phenomenon after remaining nine months offline.