A new study has proposed that before going in for pregnancy a lady should not be obese, that is she should have lost all body fat before becoming pregnant.
The findings of the study have revealed that even if a lady who is obese and pregnant follows a healthy diet and schedule, then also there are high chances of her baby developing health problems in the long run of life.
The study conducted analyzed the placentas of obese rats and normal rats, which were pregnant. Moreover, the diet plan of both the groups was same.
After the birth of the babies, it was discovered that the infants of the obese mothers were up to 17% smaller than the normal size. The authors of the study suggested that the infants are more susceptible of developing a disease, which may be suffered for the whole life.
Further, it has been illustrated that the nutrient supply region of obese women is almost half the size of the region of normal mothers. The reason behind the shrinking of the size is due to the accumulated fat in the placenta of obese women, due to which even if the diet administered is healthy, still the supply to the baby is less. As, a consequence the growth of the baby is not well supported.
Moreover, it has been put forth by Yuan-Xiang Pan, Epigeneticist and Professor of Nutrition at the University of Illinois and Rita Strakovsky, authors of the study, that obese mothers' body includes increased triglycerides, high levels of the hormone leptin and elevated amounts of non-esterified fatty acids (NEFAs).
It has been discovered that the presence of high levels of leptin in the body can lead to cardiovascular diseases. It has been observed that even if a healthy diet plan is followed, still the levels of Triglyceride and NEFA are almost twice as high in obese mothers.
Pan said, "My advice is, lose weight well before you become pregnant".