Babies born to mothers who use assisted reproductive technology (ART) such as in vitro fertilization (IVF) to conceive are more at risk of suffering birth defects, compared with those who born to mothers who conceive naturally, a new study found.
In a research, reported by Lorraine Kelley-Quon, MD, of Mattel Children's Hospital in Los Angeles, babes born to mothers who used ART were at 81 per cent increased risk of eye defects, a 41 per cent increases risk of congenital heart defects, and a 40 per cent increased risk of genitourinary system defects.
However, the study also found a reduction of around 70 per cent in the rate of chromosomal abnormalities in babies born to mothers who used ART.
Speaking about the finings, Kelley-Quon said, "Our results imply that there may be factors inherent in assisted reproductive technology that increases the likelihood of birth defects."
William Gibbons, MD, a reproductive endocrinologist Baylor College of Medicine in Houston said that couples using ART should be told that there was a greater possibility of giving birth to a baby with congenital malformations.
Gibbons also said that much of the increased risk of birth defects in babies born to mothers who used ART might be related to genetic background and infertility.
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