Wheat Genome That may resist Infections

Wheat Genome That may resist Infections

The first draft sequence of the bread wheat genome has been posted by an international association. Ultimately, this will lead to the improved productivity of the crop and excellent resistance to infections.

There are 3 leading institutes - South Campus Delhi University, National Research Centre on Plant Biotechnology, New Delhi and Punjab Agricultural University (PAU), Ludhiana. They were supported financially from the DBT (Department of Biotechnology) and had the responsibility of decoding 1 chromosome selected as 2A which is near about 900 million bases in size. It is about 2.5 times the size of the rice genome and one-third the size of the human genome.

The secretary of DBT, Dr. Vijay Raghavan exclaimed,"This genomics resource has made thousands of markers available to wheat researchers, which will facilitate mapping and cloning of genes of agronomic importance in much lesser time and at a cheaper cost".

The research will certainly benefit the farmers since it will enable the development of selective breeding programs. Furthermore, there is also a great possibility of developing wheat plants that could easily flourish in low humidity conditions.

At present, 75% of grain products sold in the U.S. are wheat-based. As many as 42 states grow the plant and soproduction has been forecast to drop in the future. Despite the decrease in production, supply will be estimated to increase at a greater level. With these consequences, officials will need to devise certain methods of raising the farm production, which will benefit the future.